hypertension

hypertension
n.
high blood pressure, i.e. elevation of the arterial blood pressure above the normal range expected in a particular age group. Hypertension may be of unknown cause (essential hypertension or hyperpiesia). It may also result from kidney disease, including narrowing (stenosis) of the renal artery (renal hypertension), endocrine diseases (such as Cushing's disease or phaeochromocytoma) or disease of the arteries (such as coarctation of the aorta), when it is known as secondary or symptomatic hypertension.
Complications that may arise from hypertension include atherosclerosis, heart failure, cerebral haemorrhage, and kidney failure, but treatment may prevent their development. Hypertension is symptomless until the symptoms of its complications develop. Some cases of hypertension may be cured by eradicating the cause. Most cases, however, depend upon long-term drug therapy to lower the blood pressure and maintain it within the normal range. The drugs used include thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, calcium-channel blockers, beta blockers, and alpha blockers. Combinations of drugs may be needed to obtain optimum control.

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  • Hypertension — artérielle Pour les articles homonymes, voir HTA. L hypertension artérielle, ou HTA, est définie par une pression artérielle trop élevée. Le patient porteur d une HTA est un hypertendu. Sommaire 1 Épidémiologie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hypertension — [ ipɛrtɑ̃sjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1895; de hyper et tension ♦ Tension artérielle supérieure à la normale; augmentation de la tension. Souffrir d hypertension (cf. Avoir de la tension). ⊗ CONTR. Hypotension. ● hypertension nom féminin Augmentation anormale… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hypertension — n. abnormally high blood pressure; especially, the chronic condition associated with persistent high blood pressure. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hypertension — 1863, from HYPER (Cf. hyper ) + TENSION (Cf. tension). Originally in medical use; of emotions or nerves, from 1936 …   Etymology dictionary

  • hypertension — ► NOUN ▪ abnormally high blood pressure. DERIVATIVES hypertensive adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • hypertension — [hī΄pər ten′shən] n. 1. any abnormally high tension 2. abnormally high blood pressure, or a disease of which this is the chief sign hypertensive adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Hypertension — This article is about arterial hypertension. For other forms of hypertension, see Hypertension (disambiguation). Hypertension Classification and external resources Automated arm blood pressure meter showing arterial hypertension (show …   Wikipedia

  • hypertension — /huy peuhr ten sheuhn/, n. 1. Pathol. a. elevation of the blood pressure, esp. the diastolic pressure. b. an arterial disease characterized by this condition. 2. excessive or extreme emotional tenseness. [1890 95; HYPER + TENSION] * * * or high… …   Universalium

  • hypertension — High blood pressure; transitory or sustained elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure to a level likely to induce cardiovascular damage or other adverse consequences. H. has been arbitrarily defined as a s …   Medical dictionary

  • Hypertension — Hypertonie (syn: Hypertonus, Hypertension) bedeutet in der Medizin die Erhöhung eines Drucks oder einer Spannung über die Norm hinaus. Dies kann bei erhöhtem Spannungszustand der Muskulatur im Rahmen von Erkrankungen des Extrapyramidalmotorischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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